Gardening Tips 


Perennials, Annuals & Bulbs
  • Remove winter mulches from your flower beds. Pull the mulch off gradually as the plants show signs of new growth. The purpose of winter mulch is to act as a protector from sudden changes of temperature and chilling winds, so keep in mind that it is still winter. Acclimatize your plants by removing the mulch over a period of days, allowing the light and air to slowly reach the new growth. It is much better to remove the mulch a little later than to remove it too early.  
  • Sow seeds of summer blooming annuals indoors.  
  • Seeds that were started indoors last month can now be transplanted from the flats into peat pots.
  • If you have a greenhouse, it is time to take cuttings of wintered over plants such as coleus, chrysanthemums, geraniums and other perennials.  
  • Divide and transplant summer blooming perennials and fertilize established ones as soon as new growth appears.  
  • Plant tender bulbs and tubers such as gladiola, lilies and dahlias. You may continue planting additional bulbs every two weeks until mid June to ensure a continuous source of bloom.  
  • Prune winter jasmine after flowering and cut honeysuckle back to 3 feet.  
  • Remove all dead blooms from bulbs.  
  • Fertilize any bulbs that have finished blooming with bone meal or bulb booster.  
  • Plant pansies with your bulbs as a cover for color.  
  • Pinch off tips of sweet pea seedlings and mums, when they are 4 inches tall.
  • Water all bulbs during times of growth and especially during foliage and bloom development. Irrigate summer flowering bulbs during dry weather. Keep water off foliage and blooms.   

Shrubs & Trees
  • Now is the time to transplant shrubs and trees.  
  • As soon as the soil is workable and before buds have swelled or broken open, you can move shrubs and trees.  
  • Fertilize shrubs and trees if this wasn't done in February. Use an acid type rhododendron fertilizer to feed evergreens, conifers, broad leaf evergreens, rhododendrons, azaleas and camellias.
  • Use an all-purpose fertilizer to feed roses and other deciduous trees and shrubs. If you use granular type fertilizers, be sure to water thoroughly.  
  • Finish pruning fruit trees this month before the buds swell. 

Fruits & Veggies
  • Take a little time to prepare the vegetable garden soil for planting. Add *Double Doody Manure, *Peat moss or compost for building compost humus in the soil.  
  • Peas and sweet peas may be planted right now as well as perennial vegetables like asparagus, rhubarb and artichokes.  
  • Eggplant, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, celery, leeks, onions, early potatoes and radish seeds may be planted in the garden about mid month.  
  • Spinach, chard, cabbage, cauliflower and other hardy vegetables can be seeded or set out late in the month. 
  • Plant strawberries, blueberries, grapes and fruit trees.  
  • Add some steer manure around your rhubarb.  
  • Now is the time to start tomatoes, lettuce and many other vegetables from seed or starts. 

  • Houseplants will react to longer days and brighter light at this time by putting out new growth. The end of this month is a good time to pinch them back to generate new growth and to thicken them. You can then begin fertilizing again with a dilute solution of soluble houseplant food.  
  • Turn your houseplants a quarter turn each week to make sure all sides of the plant receive adequate light and to keep the shape of the plant balanced.  
  • Mist or spray your houseplants to clean away the winter's dust, prevent spider mites and add a little humidity.  
  • Remain vigilant in watching for insects and pests. It is much easier to control pests, if you are aware of the infestation in its early stages. 

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