GARDENING TIPS

Gardening Tips 

October

Fall Vegetable Gardening
Fall is a busy time in the vegetable garden. There are crops to be harvested and others to be planted. Pests and weeds must be kept at bay to keep crops healthy, while soils need to be covered with bark chips to prevent erosion over winter. The following tips will help keep your vegetable garden healthy and productive from now until spring.
Harvest Time! 
Many crops planted in late summer will soon be ready for harvest.
  • Broccoli should be harvested when the buds are still tightly closed. If yellow flowers have started to open you have waited too long. Leave broccoli plants in place after harvesting the initial head. Side shoots will develop and will be ready to pick within a couple of weeks.
  • Cauliflower and cabbage may be ready to harvest soon as well. Once the main head has been picked, they can be removed from the garden since they do not re-sprout.
  • To extend the harvest season of kale, spinach and Swiss chard simply harvest a few leaves from each plant each time you need some.
  • Root crops like carrots, beets and turnips should be mature soon. Harvest them, as you need them. Most of these crops are fine left in the ground and harvested as needed through winter, though a layer of *GreenAll Micro Bark will help protect them from hard freezes.
This is an Ideal Time to Plant Cool Season Crops
  • Spinach and mustard greens can be sown directly into the soil from seed through October. These leafy greens are often sown in a patch one to two feet wide rather than in a single row.
  • Kale and cabbage plants can still be purchased and transplanted for harvest later this winter.
  • Onions can be set out from sets now or started from seed sown directly into the garden.
  • Fava beans can be seeded in the garden now, while grains such as buckwheat or oats can be sown as late as mid November.
Extend Planting & Harvest with Row Covers
Many crops can be planted now if provided protection from frost by floating row covers.
  • Row covers are specially made of lightweight fabrics laid directly onto crops or stretched over support structures such as PVC hoops.  
  • Vegetables that can be sown from seed or transplanted now if protected by row covers during winter include lettuce, carrots, beets, spinach, broccoli, radish, green onions, kohlrabi and turnips.

Bulbs Glorious Bulbs!
Get Ready for Spring
Now it's the time to get your bulb selection in preparation for spring.
  • Bulbs to choose from include tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, freesias, ranunculus and many more.
  • Bring your imagination and sense of color and make your choices now while our selection is at its peak
  • Plan and shop early, then plant when the weather cools down. October and November are the best months.
Bulb Selecting Tips
  • Quality is key! Our bulbs are all large and carefully selected, unlike those you get from some mail order companies and discount stores. They are sure to bloom and produce more and larger flowers per bulb.
  • For a constant display of color in spring plant early, mid and late varieties. Also try some bulbs you've never grown before. You might discover new varieties that grow especially well in your garden.
  • Select bright colors and combinations of colors. That's what bulbs are all about!
  • Children love the bright primary colors, so for them look for combinations of red, yellow and blue.
  • Use small bulbs like grape hyacinth and crocus to accent large flowering bulbs. Also plant some around shrubs and in containers as colorful accents. When planting bulbs, be sure to mix in *EB Stone Bone Meal.

Perennials, Annuals and Bulbs
  • Set out large-size fall and winter blooming plants such as pansies, iceland poppies, calendulas and chrysanthemums, and in coastal areas, cinerarias and nemesias.   
  • Do not prune azaleas, rhododendrons and other spring flowering shrubs because they have already set their buds for next year's blooms.  
  • Trim back lavender when finished blooming. Trim to the outer sections of the plant.    
  • Time to feed your plants with *EB Stone ORGANICS Ultra Bloom 0-10-10. This product is formulated without nitrogen to aid in the development of flower and fruit buds. Also helps plants resist diseases and cold weather damage. Although it may be used on all plants throughout the year, it is especially recommended for azaleas, camellias and rhododendrons when flower buds begin to form in late summer, fall and winter.   
  • Spring bulbs are now in stock. Plant iris, tulips, crocus, daffodils and freesia.    
  • Add a touch of fall to your home and landscape with hardy mums and colorful primroses.    
  • We recommend feeding evergreens and deciduous trees with *EB Stone ORGANICS Tree & Shrub Food.This product is formulated to encourage lush green foliage and to support bountiful flower production. It's rich in nitrogen, which is essential for all woody plants in most landscape situations. It also contains phosphate and potash, which are important for flowering and the overall vigor of your plants. Also suitable for use with ornamental vines.  

Houseplants
  • Time to bring houseplants back indoors if you haven't already. If needed, spray them first with *Safer Houseplant Spray. Dust the soil with insecticide granules to prevent bringing in ants, wireworms, sow bugs, etc.    
  • Repot pot bound plants with *UNI-GRO ORGANIC Potting Soil.    
  • Fertilize your houseplants with a slow release fertilizer like *Osmocote through November, and then slow down your feeding schedule until February.

Fruits & Veggies
  • Prune off the dead and diseased portions of summer vegetables and flowers. The warm conditions of this month, may bring more production from the remaining healthy portions of these plants.
  • For the winter vegetable garden, plant *Upstarts Organic vegetables consisting of bok choy, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, chinese cabbage, leek, lettuce and spinach from seedlings. Plant beets, carrots, onions, peas and radishes from seeds.
  • Remove all old vines of beans, squash, etc. to the compost pile and then spade or till the garden.    
  • Sow *Cover Crop-Soil Builder Peas/Oats. This hardworking combination of field peas and hulled oats is a legume and grass cover crop that quickly benefits the soil with nutrients and green matter, while helping suppress weeds. A great cover crop for established gardens, the mix is also perfect for improving areas being turned into gardens such as lawns and vacant lots. Pea plants fix nitrogen and condition the topsoil while the pea flowers attract bees and other beneficial insects. As an added benefit the young pea shoots and tendrils are edible and can be used in salads or as a soup topping. Oats hold nitrogen, provide green matter and provide support for the pea vines.   

The Lawn
  • October is a great time to lime, seed and fertilize your lawn. You can seed a new lawn in early October or reseed (overseed) an established lawn this month to make it thicker and healthier.    
  • If you need to, you can lime, fertilize and seed your lawn all in the same day. Otherwise, seed and fertilize the same day and then lime later in the fall.    
  • If needed, fall is a great time to aerate and/or dethatch the lawn. If you decide to do one or both of these, they should be done prior to seeding.    
  • If you do plan to aerate, dethatch or rototill (for total renovation), thoroughly soak the soil a day or two before you start your project or perform your project a day or two after a good rain.    
  • Now is also a good time to control weeds growing in the lawn, however you cannot weed kill and seed the same day. If you choose to kill weeds in the lawn first, you must wait three weeks to seed your lawn. Or, if you seed first, you will need to wait until the new seed has germinated and been mowed at least twice before applying a weed killer.    
  • If you want to prevent winter annual weeds from germinating in the lawn, you can apply *GreenAll Prohibit Pre-Emergent Weed Preventer & Lawn Food early October, but this would prevent you from seeding now. You will have to wait 60 days to seed, which means you would probably need to wait until spring to seed the lawn.
Tips on applying weed killer:
  • Do not apply weed controls on newly seeded areas.
  • Do not apply weed controls on windy days.
  • Do not apply weed controls near or on the edge of waterways.
  • Do not allow children or pets to play on lawns freshly applied with weed controls. Wait until weed control is dry if you applied a liquid weed killer. If you applied a granular weed control, wait one week.
  • Always check the label of weed control products and follow the labeling instructions.
Feeding & Seeding the Lawn
  • Fall is the best time to feed your lawn with a good quality, slow-release lawn food, with at least two feedings between the months of September, October, November and December. We recommend using *E.B.Stone Nature's Green Lawn Food 10-1-4 for a winter hardy lawn. This blend of organic ingredients is formulated for use on all types of green lawns.
  • If you are seeding or sodding the lawn, use *EB Stone ORGANICS Sure Start 4-6-2. A blend of natural organic ingredients formulated to help newly transplanted plants develop strong roots and sturdy growth. Sure Start is rich in natural sources of phosphorous to help your plants develop a strong foundation for future growth. Our gentle and non-burning formula is safe to use with even the most tender transplants
  • If you are not seeding or sodding, use a 26-6-7 weighted fertilizer. It is the ideal fertilizer to help green-up your lawn and keep it looking thick and healthy. This product is high in nitrogen, which will continue feeding the lawn over an extended period of time.
  • As mentioned, October is the best month to seed your lawn with improved varieties of quality grass seed. We recommend you use grass seed mixes which have been specially formulated for your area. *Pacific Coast Seed will grow in conditions ranging from full sun to 50% shade.

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